Noble International Journal of Social Sciences Research

Online ISSN: 2519-9722 | Print ISSN: 2522-6789


    Volume 4 Number 7 July 2019


Pages: 116-120
Authors: Wanyi Du
This study analyzes the development characteristics of vocabulary complexity in written English of the students from key science and engineering universities from the aspects of the length of word, distribution of long words and parts of speech, type-and-token ratio (TTR) and Lexical Frequency Profile. The results show that, from the perspective of development, with the improve of English proficiency and age, the complexity of written vocabulary of science-and-engineering students will, in general, meet a gradually deepening and improving situation; the number of long words has increased significantly and the parts of speech tend to be more abundant; the rate and quantity of low-frequency words in writing are increasing.


Pages: 111-115
Authors: Mustafa TOZUN*, Ebru TURHAN, Enes GOKLER, Alaettin ÜNSAL
Aim: To assess the cyber-bullying sensibility levels of first-class high school students and to investigate some factors which are thought to be associated with the cyber-bullying. Material-Method: This study is a cross-sectional study conducted on the first-class students of high schools between from December 2012 to February 2013 in Eskisehir, Turkey. The study group consisted of 825 students (87.4% of target population). The Cyber-bullying Sensibility Scale (CBSS) was used to evaluate the level of cyberbullying sensibility. The scores for this scale range from 14 to 42. While the score was increasing, the sensibility of cyber-bullying was rising. In statistical analyses, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Spearman Correlation Analysis were used. Results: Of the students, 236 (28.6%) were girl and 589 (71.4%) were the boy. The mean age was 14.91 ± 0.62 years. The average scores of the students taken from the CBSS were 34.34 ± 6.43 (min: 14, max: 42). It was found that the sensibility level of cyber-bullying was higher in females than males (p <0.05). The cyberbullying sensibility level was found to be higher in those who have internet access in the place they stayed (p <0.05). Cyber-bullying sensibility level was higher among mobile phone users (p <0.05). It was found that there was a weak correlation between the duration of daily mobile phone usage and cyber-bullying sensibility level (p <0.05). Conclusion: According to the results of our study, girl students, and the students, whose mother graduated from high school and college, and whose father graduated from university, and those who have internet access in the place they stayed, and mobile phone users have the high level of cyberbullying sensibility.

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