Online ISSN: 2519-9722 |
Print ISSN: 2522-6789
Preventive and Corrective Maintenance Practices on Instructional Technologies Adopted For Effective Instructional Delivery by Business Education Departments in Colleges of Education in Nigeria
Authors: Dr. Stephen A. Igboke*, Rose Nkechi Onwuachu
The study was carried out to determine the preventive and corrective maintenance practices on instructional technologies adopted by Business Education Departments in Colleges of Education in Anambra and Enugu States of Nigeria. Two research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. The population of the study was 165 lecturers and 10 laboratory attendants in Business Education Department. A 21-item-structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The questionnaire was validated and used to determine the reliability co-efficient of the instrument using Crombach Alpha approach, and 0.84 was obtained as the reliability coefficient. Mean and standard deviation were used to find answer to the research questions, while the hypotheses were tested using t-test statistic at the probability level of 0.05. The results of the analysis showed that the Business Education Departments adopted both the preventive and corrective maintenance practices. Based on the findings, it was recommended that the Departments should make deliberate efforts to strengthen the use of the preventive and the corrective maintenance practices. It was also recommended that qualified personnel should be employed to use and maintain the instructional technologies.
Prevalence of Alcohol and Drug Abuse amongStudents in Chuka University, Kenya
Authors: Dr. Benjamin Mugambi Kanga
Alcohol and drugs abuse especially among the youth is on increase in many parts of the World. University students have been reported as the most affected by the challenge of alcohol and drugs abuse world over. In Kenya the National Campaign against Drug Abuse (NACADA) report has indicated that 84% of youth between 16 to 24 years are involved in alcohol and drug abuse. University students fall under this age bracket. To mitigate this all universities in Kenya are required to have Alcohol and Drugs Abuse prevention committees and policy. This study aimed at finding out the prevalence of Alcohol and Drugs Abuse in Chuka University. The study adopted descriptive research design. The target population was 15,290 Chuka University students. Simple random sampling technique was employed to choose 384 respondents. Questionnaires were used to collect data. Statistical package of social sciences (SPSS) version 21.0 for windows was used to analyze data. Data was presented in frequency distribution tables, bar chart and pie charts.
Pictorial Portrayal of the Humanitarian Crises in North East Nigeria by Daily Trust and Thisday Newspapers
Authors: Fredrick Wilson
The humanitarian crises in north east Nigeria has gained prominence across the globe and the media are awashed with disturbing reports, particularly on the activities of Boko Haram. Therefore, this research examines pictorial portrayal of humanitarian crisis in north east Nigeria by Daily Trust and Thisday newspapers. The objectives of the study are to identify issues of humanitarian crises, portrayed in the Daily Trust and Thisday newspapers; identify types of pictures newspapers used in portraying humanitarian crises in Northeast Nigeria; examine the ways Daily Trust and Thisday newspapers used photographs to portray humanitarian crises in North East Nigeria; examine the kind of pictorial frames used by Daily Trust and Thisday newspapers in the coverage of the humanitarian issues in north east. Findings of the study revealed that although various pictures were used by diverse media reports, both Daily Trust and Thisday newspapers were able to present different angles to the story namely (mild, resolved, commodification) but predominantly focused on the grievous, dehumanized and physically traumatized angle to the story thereby showcasing more of a situation that is yet to be resolved. The study concludes that Daily Trust and Thisday newspapers pictorially portrayed the crises as grievous, dehumanizing and physically traumatizing thus downplaying the mild perspective of the situation in pictures.