Online ISSN: 2519-9722 | Print ISSN: 2522-6789
Volume 2 Number 1 January 2017
Interpretation of Art and Design within the Context of Fashion and SpacePages: 10-15
Authors: Rabia Kose Dogan
Even though fashion and architecture seem to be two different concepts, they have been an inseparable-integral part of each other for down the ages. When people needed for shelters, they needed to cover their bodies at the same time. Social events happening for centuries, sociological and psychological situations have profoundly affected places as well as fashion. While this case provides an interdisciplinary communication, it has also displayed architects that are influenced by developments in fashion; and fashion designers that are influenced by architectural structures. For instance, Zaha Hadid, a star architect, designed her own clothes and shoes in harmony with buildings she designed while, on the other hand, the famous fashion designer, Huseyin Caglayan did not merely design his clothes and costumes but he also integrated them with the environment. In his immigration-themed work, he introduces us with a wearable and movable architectural place through converting seats into suitcases, tables to skirts. In that sense, fashion and indoor concepts within fashion’s and architecture’s affinity to each other will be discussed. During 2015-2016 spring educational year, 3rd grade (junior) students from the Department of Interior Architecture and Environmental Design, Faculty of Fine Arts, Selcuk University, were asked to make a costume design that are in the same place and belongs to the same period with research subjects selected from architectural, interior movements in History of Modern Interior Architecture lesson. Study process continued with the instructor and a fashion designer. Data gained from elements of the place for 15 weeks were later transferred into costumes with different drawings and collage techniques. Abstraction and stylization methods were used in the study. As a result, with the data gained from the studies conducted, reflection of the connection between fashion and architecture on indoors, conjunction of different disciplines and perspectives of the students improved. The study serves as a model in the field.
The Role of Civil Society in Foreign Policy, a Study in the Liberal Democracy-Practical PoliciesPages: 1-9
Authors: Dakhane Noureddine, Zerrouga Ismail
All liberal democracies, based by definition on the notion of pluralism, leave a large place for interaction with civil society in domestic politics. This space shrinks considerably when it comes to questions of foreign policy. Foreign policy is no longer the preserve of departments of foreign affairs and national defense, of security advisers and heads of government; it also brings in ministries dealing with industry, commerce, immigration, fisheries, and agriculture, to name only some of the more obvious suspects. Policy has thus become much more fragmented and offers much greater opportunities for the various forces of civil society to intervene and to attempt to exercise their influence. This study will examine the conditions that favor civil society access to the foreign policy-making process, since it is only there that extensive societal involvement in foreign policy has had any opportunity to develop in any meaningful way. Clearly this does not mean that non-governmental actors did not play any role in the political process before then. It is just a way of highlighting the growing involvement of these actors in some of the big issues of inter-state relations, such as trade, development and sovereignty. At the same time, changes in the nature of foreign policy concerns which have occurred in the last thirty years, in particular the blurring of distinctions between so-called high and low politics, have not only widened the scope of foreign policy but have also increased the number of participants in decision making. It will be argued that access, and hence the potential for influence, on the part of the forces of civil society to the foreign policy process is contingent on three factors: (1) the nature and source of the demands being made on the decision makers; (2) the degree of commitment of decision makers to particular policies; (3) the dynamics of the policy-making process itself. However, before looking at each of these elements in turn, there must be some understanding of two major concepts, that of civil society and of foreign policy, as they are being used here.